The complete basis set functions for a 1Σ- state can be written as . They transform as follows under συ(xz):
Thus, the rotational levels of even J are of odd parity (-), while those of odd J are of even parity (+).
Consequently the energy levels obtained from the upper 2 × 2 block of (1.27) are of odd parity when J is even and of even parity when J is odd. The energy levels obtained from the lower right-hand corner of (1.27) are of even parity when J is even and of odd parity when J is odd. Since J = N ± 1 for the former wave functions and J = N for the latter, rotational levels of a 3Σ+ state of even N are of even parity; those of odd N are of odd parity.
The wave functions in (2.14) all transform into themselves or into their negatives under the operation συ. This is not true in general of the functions of the original basis set. For this reason, the 2Π wave functions used to label the matrix (1.18) cannot be assigned a parity, although appropriate sums and differences of such wave functions could be.