Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI)

B.9 Factors for units listed by kind of quantity or field of science

Note: Some links are not underlined on this page to improve readability.

ACCELERATION
ANGLE
AREA AND SECOND MOMENT OF AREA
CAPACITY (see VOLUME)
DENSITY (that is, MASS DENSITY -
    see MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME)
ELECTRICITY and MAGNETISM
ENERGY (includes WORK)
ENERGY DIVIDED BY AREA TIME
FLOW (see MASS DIVIDED BY TIME
    or VOLUME DIVIDED BY TIME)
FORCE
FORCE DIVIDED BY AREA
    (see PRESSURE)
FORCE DIVIDED BY LENGTH
HEAT
        Available Energy
        Coefficient of Heat Transfer
        Density of Heat
        Density of Heat Flow Rate
        Fuel Consumption
        Heat Capacity and Entropy
        Heat Flow Rate
        Specific Heat Capacity and
              Specific Entropy
        Thermal Conductivity
        Thermal Diffusivity
        Thermal Insulance
        Thermal Resistance
        Thermal Resistivity
  LENGTH
LIGHT
MASS and MOMENT OF INERTIA
MASS DENSITY (see MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME)
MASS DIVIDED BY AREA
MASS DIVIDED BY CAPACITY
    (see MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME)
MASS DIVIDED BY LENGTH
MASS DIVIDED BY TIME (includes FLOW)
MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME
    (includes MASS DENSITY
    and MASS CONCENTRATION)
MOMENT OF FORCE or TORQUE
MOMENT OF FORCE or TORQUE,
    DIVIDED BY LENGTH

PERMEABILITY
POWER
PRESSURE or STRESS (FORCE DIVIDED BY AREA)
RADIOLOGY
SPEED (see VELOCITY)
STRESS (see PRESSURE)
TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURE INTERVAL
TIME
TORQUE (see MOMENT OF FORCE)
VELOCITY (includes SPEED)
VISCOSITY, DYNAMIC
VISCOSITY, KINEMATIC
VOLUME (includes CAPACITY)
VOLUME DIVIDED BY TIME (includes FLOW)
WORK (see ENERGY)

Caution: The units listed in column 1 are in general not to be used in NIST publications, with the exception of those few in italic type.
Factors in boldface are exact
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ACCELERATION
To convert from to Multiply by

acceleration of free fall, standard (gn) meter per second squared (m/s2) 9.806 65   E+00
foot per second squared (ft/s2) meter per second squared (m/s2) 3.048 E-01
gal (Gal) meter per second squared (m/s2) 1.0 E-02
inch per second squared (in/s2) meter per second squared (m/s2) 2.54 E-02

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ANGLE
To convert from to Multiply by

degree (°) radian (rad)   1.745 329   E-02
gon (also called grade) (gon) radian (rad) 1.570 796 E-02
gon (also called grade) (gon)   degree (°) 9.0 E-01
mil radian (rad) 9.817 477 E-04
mil degree (°) 5.625 E-02
minute (′ ) radian (rad) 2.908 882 E-04
revolution (r) radian (rad) 6.283 185 E+00
second (″ ) radian (rad) 4.848 137 E-06

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AREA AND SECOND MOMENT OF AREA
To convert from to Multiply by

acre (based on U.S. survey foot) square meter (m2) 4.046 873   E+03
are (a) square meter (m2) 1.0 E+02
barn (b) square meter (m2) 1.0 E-28
circular mil square meter (m2) 5.067 075 E-10
circular mil square millimeter (mm2) 5.067 075 E-04
foot to the fourth power (ft416   meter to the fourth power (m4)   8.630 975 E-03
hectare (ha) square meter (m2) 1.0 E+04
inch to the fourth power (in4) 16   meter to the fourth power (m4) 4.162 314 E-07
square foot (ft2) square meter (m2) 9.290 304 E-02
square inch (in2) square meter (m2) 6.4516 E-04
square inch (in2) square centimeter (cm2) 6.4516 E+00
square mile (mi2) square meter (m2) 2.589 988 E+06
square mile (mi2) square kilometer (km2) 2.589 988 E+00
square mile (based on U.S. survey foot) (mi2) 7   square meter (m2) 2.589 998 E+06
square mile (based on U.S. survey foot) (mi2) 7   square kilometer (km2) 2.589 998 E+00
square yard (yd2) square meter (m2) 8.361 274 E-01
 

CAPACITY (see VOLUME)

DENSITY (that is, MASS DENSITY - see MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME)

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ELECTRICITY and MAGNETISM
To convert from to Multiply by

abampere ampere (A) 1.0 E+01
abcoulomb coulomb(C) 1.0 E+01
abfarad farad (F) 1.0 E+09
abhenry henry (H) 1.0 E-09
abmho siemens (S) 1.0 E+09
abohm ohm (Ω) 1.0 E-09
abvolt volt 1.0 E-08
ampere hour (A h) coulomb(C) 3.6 E+03
biot (Bi) ampere (A) 1.0 E+01
EMU of capacitance (abfarad) farad (F) 1.0 E+09
EMU of current (abampere) ampere (A) 1.0 E+01
EMU of electric potential (abvolt) volt (V) 1.0 E-08
EMU of inductance (abhenry) henry (H) 1.0 E-09
EMU of resistance (abohm) ohm (Ω) 1.0 E-09
ESU of capacitance (statfarad) farad (F) 1.112 650   E-12
ESU of current (statampere) ampere (A) 3.335 641 E-10
ESU of electric potential (statvolt)   volt (V) 2.997 925 E+02
ESU of inductance (stathenry) henry (H) 8.987 552 E+11
ESU of resistance (statohm) ohm (Ω) 8.987 552 E+11
faraday (based on carbon 12) coulomb(C) 9.648 531 E+04
franklin (Fr) coulomb(C) 3.335 641 E-10
gamma (γ) tesla (T) 1.0 E-09
gauss (Gs, G) tesla (T) 1.0 E-04
gilbert (Gi) ampere (A) 7.957 747 E-01
maxwell (Mx) weber (Wb) 1.0 E-08
mho siemens (S) 1.0 E+00
oersted (Oe) ampere per meter (A/m) 7.957 747 E+01
ohm centimeter (Ω cm) ohm meter (Ω m) 1.0 E-02
ohm circular-mil per foot ohm meter (Ω m) 1.662 426 E-09
ohm circular-mil per foot ohm square millimeter per meter (Ω mm2/m)   1.662 426 E-03
statampere ampere (A) 3.335 641 E-10
statcoulomb coulomb (C) 3.335 641 E-10
statfarad farad (F) 1.112 650 E-12
stathenry henry (H) 8.987 552 E+11
statmho siemens (S) 1.112 650 E-12
statohm ohm(Ω) 8.987 552 E+11
statvolt volt (V) 2.997 925 E+02
unit pole weber (Wb) 1.256 637 E-07

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ENERGY (includes WORK)
To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT (BtuIT) 9   joule (J) 1.055 056   E+03
British thermal unitth (Btuth) 9   joule (J) 1.054 350 E+03
British thermal unit (mean) (Btu) joule (J) 1.055 87 E+03
British thermal unit (39 °F) (Btu) joule (J) 1.059 67 E+03
British thermal unit (59 °F) (Btu) joule (J) 1.054 80 E+03
British thermal unit (60 °F) (Btu) joule (J) 1.054 68 E+03
calorieIT (calIT) 10   joule (J) 4.1868 E+00
calorieth (calth) 10   joule (J) 4.184 E+00
calorie (mean) (cal) joule (J) 4.190 02 E+00
calorie (15 °C) (cal15) joule (J) 4.185 80 E+00
calorie (20 °C) (cal20) joule (J) 4.181 90 E+00
calorieIT, kilogram (nutrition) 11   joule (J) 4.1868 E+03
calorieth, kilogram (nutrition) 11   joule (J) 4.184 E+03
calorie (mean), kilogram (nutrition) 11   joule (J) 4.190 02 E+03
electronvolt (eV) joule (J) 1.602 177 E-19
erg (erg) joule (J) 1.0 E-07
foot poundal joule (J) 4.214 011 E-02
foot pound-force (ft lbf) joule (J) 1.355 818 E+00
kilocalorieIT (kcalIT) joule (J) 4.1868 E+03
kilocalorieth (kcalth) joule (J) 4.184 E+03
kilocalorie (mean) (kcal) joule (J) 4.190 02 E+03
kilowatt hour (kW h) joule (J) 3.6 E+06
kilowatt hour (kW h) megajoule (MJ)   3.6 E+00
quad (1015 BtuIT) 9   joule (J) 1.055 056 E+18
therm (EC) 24 joule (J) 1.055 06 E+08
therm (U.S.) 24 joule (J) 1.054 804 E+08
ton of TNT (energy equivalent) 25 joule (J) 4.184 E+09
watt hour (W h) joule (J) 3.6 E+03
watt second (W s) joule (J) 1.0 E+00

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ENERGY DIVIDED BY AREA TIME
To convert from to Multiply by

erg per square centimeter second [erg/(cm2 s)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   1.0 E-03
watt per square centimeter (W/cm2) watt per square meter (W/m2) 1.0 E+04
watt per square inch (W/in2) watt per square meter (W/m2) 1.550 003   E+03

 
FLOW (see MASS DIVIDED BY TIME or VOLUME DIVIDED BY TIME)

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FORCE
To convert from to Multiply by

dyne (dyn) newton (N) 1.0 E-05
kilogram-force (kgf) newton (N) 9.806 65 E+00
kilopond (kilogram-force) (kp) newton (N) 9.806 65 E+00
kip (1 kip = 1000 lbf) newton (N) 4.448 222   E+03
kip (1 kip = 1000 lbf) kilonewton (kN) 4.448 222 E+00
ounce (avoirdupois)-force (ozf)   newton (N) 2.780 139 E-01
poundal newton (N) 1.382 550 E-01
pound-force (lbf) 23 newton (N) 4.448 222 E+00
pound-force per pound (lbf/lb) (thrust to mass ratio)   newton per kilogram (N/kg)   9.806 65 E+00
ton-force (2000 lbf) newton (N) 8.896 443 E+03
ton-force (2000 lbf) kilonewton (kN) 8.896 443 E+00

 
FORCE DIVIDED BY AREA (see PRESSURE)

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FORCE DIVIDED BY LENGTH
To convert from to Multiply by

pound-force per foot (lbf/ft) newton per meter (N/m)   1.459 390   E+01
pound-force per inch (lbf/in)   newton per meter (N/m) 1.751 268 E+02

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HEAT

Available Energy

To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT per cubic foot (BtuIT/ft3)   joule per cubic meter (J/m3)   3.725 895   E+04
British thermal unitth per cubic foot (Btuth/ft3) joule per cubic meter (J/m3) 3.723 403 E+04
British thermal unitIT per pound (BtuIT/lb) joule per kilogram (J/kg) 2.326 E+03
British thermal unitth per pound (Btuth/lb) joule per kilogram (J/kg) 2.324 444 E+03
calorieIT per gram (calIT/g) joule per kilogram (J/kg) 4.1868 E+03
calorieth per gram (calth/g) joule per kilogram (J/kg) 4.184 E+03

Coefficient of Heat Transfer
To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT per hour square  foot degree Fahrenheit [BtuIT/(h ft2 °F)] watt per square meter kelvin [W/(m2 K)]   5.678 263   E+00
British thermal unitth per hour square foot degree Fahrenheit [Btuth/(h ft2 °F)] watt per square meter kelvin [W/(m2 K)] 5.674 466 E+00
British thermal unitIT per second square foot degree Fahrenheit [BtuIT/(s ft2 °F)] watt per square meter kelvin [W/(m2 K)] 2.044 175 E+04
British thermal unitth per second square foot degree Fahrenheit [Btuth/(s ft2 °F)] watt per square meter kelvin [W/(m2 K)] 2.042 808 E+04

Density of Heat
To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT per square foot (BtuIT/ft2)   joule per square meter (J/m2)   1.135 653 E+04
British thermal unitth per square foot (Btuth/ft2) joule per square meter (J/m2)   1.134 893   E+04
calorieth per square centimeter (calth/cm2) joule per square meter (J/m2)   4.184 E+04
langley (calth/cm2) joule per square meter (J/m2)   4.184 E+04

Density of Heat Flow Rate
To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT per square foot hour [BtuIT/(ft2 h)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   3.154 591   E+00
British thermal unitth per square foot hour [Btuth/(ft2 h)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   3.152 481 E+00
British thermal unitth per square foot minute [Btuth/(ft2 min)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   1.891 489 E+02
British thermal unitIT per square foot second [BtuIT/(ft2 s)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   1.135 653 E+04
British thermal unitth per square foot second [Btuth/(ft2 s)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   1.134 893 E+04
British thermal unitth per square inch second [Btuth/(in 2 s)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   1.634 246 E+06
calorieth per square centimeter minute [calth/(cm2 min)]   watt per square meter (W/m2)   6.973 333 E+02
calorieth per square centimeter second [calth/(cm2 s)]   watt per square meter (W/m2))   4.184 E+04

Fuel Consumption
To convert from to Multiply by

gallon (U.S.) per horsepower hour [gal/(hp h)] cubic meter per joule (m3/J) 1.410 089 E-09
gallon (U.S.) per horsepower hour [gal/(hp h)]   liter per joule (L/J) 1.410 089 E-06
mile per gallon (U.S.) (mpg) (mi/gal) meter per cubic meter (m/m3)   4.251 437 E+05
mile per gallon (U.S.) (mpg) (mi/gal)   kilometer per liter (km/L)   4.251 437 E-01
mile per gallon (U.S.) (mpg) (mi/gal) 21   liter per 100 kilometer (L/100 km)   divide 235.215 by number of miles per gallon
pound per horsepower hour [lb/(hp h)] kilogram per joule (kg/J) 1.689 659 E-07

Heat Capacity and Entropy
To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT per degree Fahrenheit (BtuIT/°F)   joule per kelvin (J/K)   1.899 101   E+03
British thermal unitth per degree Fahrenheit (Btuth/°F)   joule per kelvin (J/K)   1.897 830 E+03
British thermal unitIT per degree Rankine (BtuIT/°R)   joule per kelvin (J/K)   1.899 101 E+03
British thermal unitth per degree Rankine (Btuth/°R)   joule per kelvin (J/K)   1.897 830 E+03

Heat Flow Rate
To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT per hour (BtuIT/h)   watt (W)   2.930 711   E-01
British thermal unitth per hour (Btuth/h)   watt (W) 2.928 751 E-01
British thermal unitth per minute (Btuth/min)   watt (W) 1.757 250 E+01
British thermal unitIT per second (BtuIT/s)   watt (W) 1.055 056 E+03
British thermal unitth per second (Btuth/s)   watt (W) 1.054 350 E+03
calorieth per minute (calth/min)   watt (W) 6.973 333 E-02
calorieth per second (calth/s) watt (W) 4.184 E+00
kilocalorieth per minute (kcalth/min) watt (W) 6.973 333 E+01
kilocalorieth per second (kcalth/s) watt (W) 4.184 E+03
ton of refrigeration (12 000 BtuIT/h) watt (W) 3.516 853 E+03

Specific Heat Capacity and Specific Entropy
To convert from to Multiply by

British thermal unitIT per pound degree Fahrenheit [BtuIT/(lb °F)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.1868   E+03
British thermal unitth per pound degree Fahrenheit [Btuth/(lb °F)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.184 E+03
British thermal unitIT per pound degree Rankine [BtuIT/(lb °R)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.1868 E+03
British thermal unitth per pound degree Rankine [Btuth/(lb °R)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.184 E+03
calorieIT per gram degree Celsius [calIT/(g °C)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.1868 E+03
calorieth per gram degree Celsius [calth/(g °C)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.184 E+03
calorieIT per gram kelvin [calIT/(g K)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.1868 E+03
calorieth per gram kelvin [calth/(g K)]   joule per kilogram kelvin [J/(kg K)]   4.184 E+03

Thermal Conductivity
To convert from to Multiply by

Britsh thermal unitIT foot per hour square foot degree Fahrenheit [BtuIT ft/(h ft2 °F)]   watt per meter kelvin [W/(m K)]   1.730 735   E+00
Britsh thermal unitth foot per hour square foot degree Fahrenheit [Btuth ft/(h ft2 °F)]   watt per meter kelvin [W/(m K)]   1.729 577 E+00
Britsh thermal unitIT inch per hour square foot degree Fahrenheit [BtuIT in/(h ft2 °F)]   watt per meter kelvin [W/(m K)]   1.442 279 E-01
Britsh thermal unitth inch per hour square foot degree Fahrenheit   [Btuth in/(h ft2 °F)]   watt per meter kelvin [W/(m K)]   1.441 314 E-01
Britsh thermal unitIT inch per second square foot degree Fahrenheit [BtuIT in/(s ft2 °F)]   watt per meter kelvin [W/(m K)]   5.192 204 E+02
Britsh thermal unitth inch per second square foot degree Fahrenheit [Btuth in/(s ft2 °F)]   watt per meter kelvin [W/(m K)]   5.188 732 E+02
calorieth per centimeter second degree Celsius [calth/(cm s °C)]   watt per meter kelvin [W/(m K)]   4.184 E+02

Thermal Diffusivity
To convert from to Multiply by

square foot per hour (ft2/h)   square meter per second (m2/s)   2.580 64   E-05

 
Thermal Insulance
To convert from to Multiply by

clo square meter kelvin per watt (m2 K/W)   1.55 E-01
degree Fahrenheit hour square foot per British thermal unitIT (°F h ft2/BtuIT)   square meter kelvin per watt (m2 K/W)   1.761 102   E-01
degree Fahrenheit hour square foot per British thermal unitth (°F h ft2/Btuth)   square meter kelvin per watt (m2 K/W) 1.762 280 E-01

Thermal Resistance
To convert from to Multiply by

degree Fahrenheit hour per British thermal unitIT (°F h/BtuIT)   kelvin per watt (K/W)   1.895 634   E+00
degree Fahrenheit hour per British thermal unitth (°F h/Btuth)   kelvin per watt (K/W) 1.896 903 E+00
degree Fahrenheit second per British thermal unitIT (°F s/BtuIT)   kelvin per watt (K/W) 5.265 651 E-04
degree Fahrenheit second per British thermal unitth (°F s/Btuth)   kelvin per watt (K/W) 5.269 175 E-04

Thermal Resistivity
To convert from to Multiply by

degree Fahrenheit hour square foot per British thermal unitIT inch [°F h ft2/(BtuIT in)]   meter kelvin per watt (m K/W)   6.933 472   E+00
degree Fahrenheit hour square foot per British thermal unitth inch [°F h ft2/(Btuth in)]   meter kelvin per watt (m K/W)   6.938 112 E+04

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LENGTH
To convert from to Multiply by

ångström(Å) meter (m) 1.0 E-10
ångström(Å) nanometer (nm) 1.0 E-01
astronomical unit (ua) meter (m) 1.495 979   E+11
chain (based on U.S. survey foot) (ch) 7   meter (m) 2.011 684 E+01
fathom (based on U.S. survey foot) 7   meter (m) 1.828 804 E+00
fermi meter (m) 1.0 E-15
fermi femtometer (fm) 1.0 E+00
foot (ft) meter (m) 3.048 E-01
foot (U.S. survey) (ft) 7   meter (m) 3.048 006 E-01
inch (in) meter (m) 2.54 E-02
inch (in) centimeter (cm) 2.54 E+00
kayser(K) reciprocal meter (m-1)   1 E+02
light year (l. y.) 18   meter (m) 9.460 73 E+15
microinch meter (m) 2.54 E-08
microinch micrometer (μm) 2.54 E-02
micron (μ) meter (m) 1.0 E-06
micron (μ) micrometer (μm) 1.0 E+00
mil (0.001 in) meter (m) 2.54 E-05
mil (0.001 in) millimeter (mm) 2.54 E-02
mile (mi) meter (m) 1.609 344 E+03
mile (mi) kilometer (km) 1.609 344 E+00
mile (based on U.S. survey foot) (mi) 7   meter (m) 1.609 347 E+03
mile (based on U.S. survey foot) (mi) 7   kilometer (km) 1.609 347 E+00
mile, nautical 20   meter (m) 1.852 E+03
parsec (pc) meter (m) 3.085 678 E+16
pica (computer) (1/6 in) meter (m) 4.233 333 E-03
pica (computer) (1/6 in) millimeter (mm) 4.233 333 E+00
pica (printer's) meter (m) 4.217 518 E-03
pica (printer's) millimeter (mm) 4.217 518 E+00
point (computer) (1/72 in) meter (m) 3.527 778 E-04
point (computer) (1/72 in) millimeter (mm) 3.527 778 E-01
point (printer's) meter (m) 3.514 598 E-04
point (printer's) millimeter (mm) 3.514 598 E-01
rod (based on U.S. survey foot) (rd) 7   meter (m) 5.029 210 E+00
yard (yd) meter (m) 9.144 E-01

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LIGHT
To convert from to Multiply by

candela per square inch (cd/in2)   candela per square meter (cd/m2)   1.550 003   E+03
footcandle lux (lx) 1.076 391 E+01
footlambert candela per square meter (cd/m2)   3.426 259 E+00
lambert 17   candela per square meter (cd/m2)   3.183 099 E+03
lumen per square foot (lm/ft2)   lux (lx) 1.076 391 E+01
phot (ph) lux (lx) 1.0 E+04
stilb (sb) candela per square meter (cd/m2)   1.0 E+04

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MASS and MOMENT OF INERTIA
To convert from to Multiply by

carat, metric kilogram (kg) 2.0 E-04
carat, metric gram (g) 2.0 E-01
grain (gr) kilogram (kg) 6.479 891   E-05
grain (gr) milligram (mg) 6.479 891 E+01
hundredweight (long, 112 lb)   kilogram (kg) 5.080 235 E+01
hundredweight (short, 100 lb) kilogram (kg) 4.535 924 E+01
kilogram-force second squared per meter (kgf s2/m)   kilogram (kg) 9.806 65 E+00
ounce (avoirdupois) (oz) kilogram (kg) 2.834 952 E-02
ounce (avoirdupois) (oz) gram (g) 2.834 952 E+01
ounce (troy or apothecary) (oz) kilogram (kg) 3.110 348 E-02
ounce (troy or apothecary) (oz) gram (g) 3.110 348 E+01
pennyweight (dwt) kilogram (kg) 1.555 174 E-03
pennyweight (dwt) gram (g) 1.555 174 E+00
pound (avoirdupois) (lb) 22   kilogram (kg) 4.535 924 E-01
pound (troy or apothecary) (lb) kilogram (kg) 3.732 417 E-01
pound foot squared (lb ft2)   kilogram meter squared (kg m2)   4.214 011 E-02
pound inch squared (lb in2)   kilogram meter squared (kg m2)   2.926 397 E-04
slug (slug) kilogram (kg) 1.459 390 E+01
ton, assay (AT) kilogram (kg) 2.916 667 E-02
ton, assay (AT) gram (g) 2.916 667 E+01
ton, long (2240 lb) kilogram (kg) 1.016 047 E+03
ton, metric (t) kilogram (kg) 1.0 E+03
tonne (called "metric ton" in U.S.) (t) kilogram (kg) 1.0 E+03
ton, short (2000 lb) kilogram (kg) 9.071 847 E+02

 
MASS DENSITY (see MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME)

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MASS DIVIDED BY AREA
To convert from to Multiply by

ounce (avoirdupois) per square foot (oz/ft2)   kilogram per square meter (kg/m2)   3.051 517   E-01
ounce (avoirdupois) per square inch (oz/in2)   kilogram per square meter (kg/m2)   4.394 185 E+01
ounce (avoirdupois) per square yard (oz/yd2)   kilogram per square meter (kg/m2)   3.390 575 E-02
pound per square foot (lb/ft2)   kilogram per square meter (kg/m2)   4.882 428 E+00
pound per square inch (not pound force) (lb/in2)   kilogram per square meter (kg/m2)   7.030 696 E+02

 
MASS DIVIDED BY CAPACITY (see MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME)

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MASS DIVIDED BY LENGTH
To convert from to Multiply by

denier kilogram per meter (kg/m)   1.111 111   E-07
denier gram per meter (g/m)   1.111 111 E-04
pound per foot (lb/ft)   kilogram per meter (kg/m)   1.488 164   E+00
pound per inch (lb/in)   kilogram per meter (kg/m)   1.785 797   E+01
pound per yard(lb/yd)   kilogram per meter (kg/m)   4.960 546   E-01
tex kilogram per meter (kg/m)   1.0 E-06

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MASS DIVIDED BY TIME (includes FLOW)
To convert from to Multiply by

pound per hour (lb/h) kilogram per second (kg/s)   1.259 979   E-04
pound per minute (lb/min)   kilogram per second (kg/s) 7.559 873 E-03
pound per second (lb/s) kilogram per second (kg/s) 4.535 924 E-01
ton, short, per hour kilogram per second (kg/s) 2.519 958 E-01

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MASS DIVIDED BY VOLUME (includes MASS DENSITY and MASS CONCENTRATION)
To convert from to Multiply by

grain per gallon (U.S.) (gr/gal) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3)   1.711 806   E-02
grain per gallon (U.S.) (gr/gal) milligram per liter (mg/L) 1.711 806   E+01
gram per cubic centimeter (g/cm3) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 1.0 E+03
ounce (avoirdupois) per cubic inch (oz/in3) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3)   1.729 994 E+03
ounce (avoirdupois) per gallon [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (oz/gal) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 6.236 023 E+00
ounce (avoirdupois) per gallon [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (oz/gal) gram per liter (g/L) 6.236 023 E+00
ounce (avoirdupois) per gallon (U.S.) (oz/gal) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 7.489 152 E+00
ounce (avoirdupois) per gallon (U.S.) (oz/gal) gram per liter (g/L) 7.489 152 E+00
pound per cubic foot (lb/ft3) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 1.601 846 E+01
pound per cubic inch (lb/in3) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 2.767 990 E+04
pound per cubic yard (lb/yd3) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 5.932 764 E-01
pound per gallon [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (lb/gal) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 9.977 637 E+01
pound per gallon [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (lb/gal) kilogram per liter (kg/L) 9.977 637 E-02
pound per gallon (U.S.) (lb/gal) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 1.198 264 E+02
pound per gallon (U.S.) (lb/gal) kilogram per liter (kg/L) 1.198 264 E-01
slug per cubic foot (slug/ft3) kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 5.153 788 E+02
ton, long, per cubic yard kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 1.328 939 E+03
ton, short, per cubic yard kilogram per cubic meter (kg/m3) 1.186 553 E+03

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MOMENT OF FORCE or TORQUE
To convert from to Multiply by

dyne centimeter (dyn cm) newton meter (N m) 1.0 E-07
kilogram-force meter (kgf m) newton meter (N m) 9.806 65 E+00
ounce (avoirdupois)-force inch (ozf in)   newton meter (N m) 7.061 552   E-03
ounce (avoirdupois)-force inch (ozf in)   millinewton meter (mN m)   7.061 552 E+00
pound-force foot (lbf ft) newton meter (N m) 1.355 818 E+00
pound-force inch (lbf in) newton meter (N m) 1.129 848 E-01

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MOMENT OF FORCE or TORQUE, DIVIDED BY LENGTH
To convert from to Multiply by

pound-force foot per inch (lbf ft/in)   newton meter per meter (N m/m)   5.337 866   E+01
pound-force inch per inch (lbf in/in)   newton meter per meter (N m/m)   4.448 222   E+00

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PERMEABILITY
To convert from to Multiply by

darcy 14   meter squared (m2)   9.869 233   E-13
perm (0 °C) kilogram per pascal second square meter [kg/(Pa s m2)]   5.721 35 E-11
perm (23 °C) kilogram per pascal second square meter [kg/(Pa s m2)]   5.745 25 E-11
perm inch (0 °C) kilogram per pascal second meter [kg/(Pa s m)]   1.453 22 E-12
perm inch (23 °C) kilogram per pascal second meter [kg/(Pa s m)]   1.459 29 E-12

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POWER
To convert from to Multiply by

erg per second (erg/s) watt (W)   1.0 E-07
foot pound-force per hour (ft lbf/h)   watt (W)   3.766 161   E-04
foot pound-force per minute (ft lbf/min)   watt (W)   2.259 697 E-02
foot pound-force per second (ft lbf/s)   watt (W) 1.355 818 E+00
horsepower (550 ft lbf/s) watt (W) 7.456 999 E+02
horsepower (boiler) watt (W) 9.809 50 E+03
horsepower (electric) watt (W) 7.46 E+02
horsepower (metric) watt (W) 7.354 988 E+02
horsepower (U.K.) watt (W) 7.4570 E+02
horsepower (water) watt (W) 7.460 43 E+02

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PRESSURE or STRESS (FORCE DIVIDED BY AREA)
To convert from to Multiply by

atmosphere, standard (atm) pascal (Pa) 1.013 25 E+05
atmosphere, standard (atm) kilopascal (kPa)   1.013 25 E+02
atmosphere, technical (at) 8   pascal (Pa) 9.806 65 E+04
atmosphere, technical (at) 8   kilopascal (kPa) 9.806 65 E+01
bar (bar) pascal (Pa) 1.0 E+05
bar (bar) kilopascal (kPa) 1.0 E+02
centimeter of mercury (0 °C) 12 pascal (Pa) 1.333 22 E+03
centimeter of mercury (0 °C) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 1.333 22 E+00
centimeter of mercury, conventional (cmHg) 12 pascal (Pa) 1.333 224   E+03
centimeter of mercury, conventional (cmHg) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 1.333 224 E+00
centimeter of water (4 °C) 12 pascal (Pa) 9.806 38 E+01
centimeter of water, conventional (cmH2O) 12 pascal (Pa) 9.806 65 E+01
dyne per square centimeter (dyn/cm2)   pascal (Pa) 1.0 E-01
foot of mercury, conventional (ftHg) 12 pascal (Pa) 4.063 666 E+04
foot of mercury, conventional (ftHg) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 4.063 666 E+01
foot of water (39.2 °F) 12 pascal (Pa) 2.988 98 E+03
foot of water (39.2 °F) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 2.988 98 E+00
foot of water, conventional (ftH2O) 12 pascal (Pa) 2.989 067 E+03
foot of water, conventional (ftH2O) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 2.989 067 E+00
gram-force per square centimeter (gf/cm2) pascal (Pa) 9.806 65 E+01
inch of mercury (32 °F) 12 pascal (Pa) 3.386 38 E+03
inch of mercury (32 °F) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 3.386 38 E+00
inch of mercury (60 °F) 12 pascal (Pa) 3.376 85 E+03
inch of mercury (60 °F) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 3.376 85 E+00
inch of mercury, conventional (inHg) 12 pascal (Pa) 3.386 389 E+03
inch of mercury, conventional (inHg) 12 kilopascal (kPa) 3.386 389 E+00
inch of water (39.2 °F) 12 pascal (Pa) 2.490 82 E+02
inch of water (60 °F) 12 pascal (Pa) 2.4884 E+02
inch of water, conventional (inH2O) 12 pascal (Pa) 2.490 889 E+02
kilogram-force per square centimeter (kgf/cm2) pascal (Pa) 9.806 65 E+04
kilogram-force per square centimeter (kgf/cm2) kilopascal (kPa) 9.806 65 E+01
kilogram-force per square meter (kgf/m2) pascal (Pa) 9.806 65 E+00
kilogram-force per square millimeter (kgf/mm2) pascal (Pa) 9.806 65 E+06
kilogram-force per square millimeter (kgf/mm2) megapascal (MPa)   9.806 65 E+00
kip per square inch (ksi) (kip/in2) pascal (Pa) 6.894 757 E+06
kip per square inch (ksi) (kip/in2) kilopascal (kPa) 6.894 757 E+03
millibar (mbar) pascal (Pa) 1.0 E+02
millibar (mbar)   kilopascal (kPa) 1.0 E-01
millimeter of mercury, conventional (mmHg) 12   pascal (Pa) 1.333 224 E+02
millimeter of water, conventional (mmH2O) 12   pascal (Pa) 9.806 65 E+00
poundal per square foot pascal (Pa) 1.488 164   E+00
pound-force per square foot (lbf/ft2) pascal (Pa) 4.788 026 E+01
pound-force per square inch (psi) (lbf/in2) pascal (Pa) 6.894 757 E+03
pound-force per square inch (psi) (lbf/in2) kilopascal (kPa) 6.894 757 E+00
psi (pound-force per square inch) (lbf/in2) pascal (Pa) 6.894 757 E+03
psi (pound-force per square inch) (lbf/in2) kilopascal (kPa) 6.894 757 E+00
torr (Torr) pascal (Pa) 1.333 224 E+02

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RADIOLOGY
To convert from to Multiply by

curie (Ci) becquerel (Bq) 3.7 E+10
rad (absorbed dose) (rad)   gray (Gy) 1.0 E-02
rem (rem) sievert (Sv) 1.0 E-02
roentgen (R) coulomb per kilogram (C/kg)   2.58   E-04
 
SPEED (see VELOCITY)

 
STRESS (see PRESSURE)

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TEMPERATURE
To convert from to Multiply by

degree Celsius (°C)   kelvin (K) T/K = t/°C + 273.15
degree centigrade 15   degree Celsius (°C)   t/°C ≈ t/deg. cent.
degree Fahrenheit (°F)   degree Celsius (°C)   t/°C = (t/°F - 32)/1.8
degree Fahrenheit (°F) kelvin (K) T/K = (t/°F + 459.67)/1.8
degree Rankine (°R) kelvin (K) T/K = (T/°R)/1.8
kelvin (K) degree Celsius (°C) t/°C = T/K - 273.15

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TEMPERATURE INTERVAL
To convert from to Multiply by

degree Celsius (°C) kelvin (K) 1.0 E+00
degree centigrade 15   degree Celsius (°C)   1.0 E+00
degree Fahrenheit (°F)   degree Celsius (°C)   5.555 556   E-01
degree Fahrenheit (°F)   kelvin (K) 5.555 556   E-01
degree Rankine (°R)   kelvin (K) 5.555 556   E-01

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TIME
To convert from to Multiply by

day (d) second (s) 8.64 E+04
day (sidereal)   second (s) 8.616 409   E+04
hour (h) second (s) 3.6 E+03
hour (sidereal)   second (s) 3.590 170 E+03
minute (min)   second (s) 6.0 E+01
minute (sidereal)   second (s) 5.983 617 E+01
second (sidereal) second (s) 9.972 696   E-01
shake second (s) 1.0 E-08
shake nanosecond (ns)   1.0 E+01
year (365 days) second (s) 3.1536 E+07
year (sidereal) second (s) 3.155 815   E+07
year (tropical) second (s) 3.155 693 E+07

 
TORQUE (see MOMENT OF FORCE)

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VELOCITY (includes SPEED)
To convert from to Multiply by

foot per hour (ft/h) meter per second (m/s) 8.466 667   E-05
foot per minute (ft/min) meter per second (m/s) 5.08 E-03
foot per second (ft/s) meter per second (m/s) 3.048 E-01
inch per second (in/s) meter per second (m/s) 2.54 E-02
kilometer per hour (km/h)   meter per second (m/s) 2.777 778 E-01
knot (nautical mile per hour) meter per second (m/s) 5.144 444 E-01
mile per hour (mi/h) meter per second (m/s) 4.4704 E-01
mile per hour (mi/h) kilometer per hour (km/h)   1.609 344 E+00
mile per minute (mi/min) meter per second (m/s) 2.682 24 E+01
mile per second (mi/s) meter per second (m/s) 1.609 344 E+03
revolution per minute (rpm) (r/min) radian per second (rad/s) 1.047 198 E-01
rpm (revolution per minute) (r/min)   radian per second (rad/s)   1.047 198 E-01


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VISCOSITY, DYNAMIC
To convert from to Multiply by

centipoise (cP) pascal second (Pa s) 1.0 E-03
poise (P) pascal second (Pa s) 1.0 E-01
poundal second per square foot pascal second (Pa s)   1.488 164   E+00
pound-force second per square foot (lbf s/ft2)   pascal second (Pa s) 4.788 026 E+01
pound-force second per square inch (lbf s/in2)   pascal second (Pa s)   6.894 757 E+03
pound per foot hour [lb/(ft h)]   pascal second (Pa s)   4.133 789 E-04
pound per foot second [lb/(ft s)]   pascal second (Pa s) 1.488 164   E+00
rhe reciprocal pascal second [(Pa s)-1]   1.0 E+01
slug per foot second [slug/(ft s)]   pascal second (Pa s) 4.788 026 E+01


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VISCOSITY, KINEMATIC
To convert from to Multiply by

centistokes (cSt) meter squared per second (m2/s)   1.0 E-06
square foot per second (ft2/s)   meter squared per second (m2/s) 9.290 304   E-02
stokes (St) meter squared per second (m2/s)   1.0 E-04


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VOLUME (includes CAPACITY)
To convert from to Multiply by

acre-foot (based on U.S. survey foot) 7   cubic meter (m3)   1.233 489   E+03
barrel [for petroleum, 42 gallons (U.S.)](bbl) cubic meter (m3) 1.589 873 E-01
barrel [for petroleum, 42 gallons (U.S.)](bbl) liter (L) 1.589 873 E+02
bushel (U.S.) (bu) cubic meter (m3) 3.523 907 E-02
bushel (U.S.) (bu) liter (L) 3.523 907 E+01
cord (128 ft3) cubic meter (m3) 3.624 556 E+00
cubic foot (ft3) cubic meter (m3) 2.831 685 E-02
cubic inch (in3) 13   cubic meter (m3) 1.638 706 E-05
cubic mile (mi3) cubic meter (m3) 4.168 182 E+09
cubic yard (yd3) cubic meter (m3) 7.645 549 E-01
cup (U.S.) cubic meter (m3) 2.365 882 E-04
cup (U.S.) liter (L) 2.365 882 E-01
cup (U.S.) milliliter (mL) 2.365 882 E+02
fluid ounce (U.S.) (fl oz) cubic meter (m3) 2.957 353 E-05
fluid ounce (U.S.) (fl oz) milliliter (mL) 2.957 353 E+01
gallon [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (gal) cubic meter (m3) 4.546 09 E-03
gallon [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (gal) liter (L) 4.546 09 E+00
gallon (U.S.) (gal) cubic meter (m3) 3.785 412 E-03
gallon (U.S.) (gal) liter (L) 3.785 412 E+00
gill [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (gi) cubic meter (m3) 1.420 653 E-04
gill [Canadian and U.K. (Imperial)] (gi) liter (L) 1.420 653 E-01
gill (U.S.) (gi) cubic meter (m3) 1.182 941 E-04
gill (U.S.) (gi) liter (L) 1.182 941 E-01
liter (L) 19   cubic meter (m3) 1.0 E-03
ounce [Canadian and U.K. fluid (Imperial)] (fl oz)   cubic meter (m3) 2.841 306 E-05
ounce [Canadian and U.K. fluid (Imperial)] (fl oz)   milliliter (mL) 2.841 306 E+01
ounce (U.S. fluid) (fl oz) cubic meter (m3) 2.957 353 E-05
ounce (U.S. fluid) (fl oz) milliliter (mL) 2.957 353 E+01
peck (U.S.) (pk) cubic meter (m3) 8.809 768 E-03
peck (U.S.) (pk) liter (L) 8.809 768 E+00
pint (U.S. dry) (dry pt) cubic meter (m3) 5.506 105 E-04
pint (U.S. dry) (dry pt) liter (L) 5.506 105 E-01
pint (U.S. liquid) (liq pt) cubic meter (m3) 4.731 765 E-04
pint (U.S. liquid) (liq pt) liter (L) 4.731 765 E-01
quart (U.S. dry) (dry qt) cubic meter (m3) 1.101 221 E-03
quart (U.S. dry) (dry qt) liter (L) 1.101 221 E+00
quart (U.S. liquid) (liq qt) cubic meter (m3) 9.463 529 E-04
quart (U.S. liquid) (liq qt) liter (L) 9.463 529 E-01
stere (st) cubic meter (m3) 1.0 E+00
tablespoon cubic meter (m3) 1.478 676 E-05
tablespoon milliliter (mL) 1.478 676 E+01
teaspoon cubic meter (m3) 4.928 922 E-06
teaspoon milliliter (mL) 4.928 922 E+00
ton, register cubic meter (m3) 2.831 685 E+00

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VOLUME DIVIDED BY TIME (includes FLOW)
To convert from to Multiply by

cubic foot per minute (ft3/min)   cubic meter per second (m3/s)   4.719 474   E-04
cubic foot per minute (ft3/min) liter per second (L/s) 4.719 474 E-01
cubic foot per second (ft3/s) cubic meter per second (m3/s)   2.831 685 E-02
cubic inch per minute (in3/min) cubic meter per second (m3/s)   2.731 177 E-07
cubic yard per minute (yd3/min) cubic meter per second (m3/s) 1.274 258 E-02
gallon (U.S.) per day (gal/d) cubic meter per second (m3/s) 4.381 264 E-08
gallon (U.S.) per day (gal/d) liter per second (L/s) 4.381 264 E-05
gallon (U.S.) per minute (gpm) (gal/min)   cubic meter per second (m3/s) 6.309 020 E-05
gallon (U.S.) per minute (gpm) (gal/min)   liter per second (L/s) 6.309 020 E-02


WORK (see ENERGY)


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