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NIST Atomic Spectra Database
Ionization Energies Data

Gd (all spectra)
64 Data Rows Found

Example of how to reference these results:
Kramida, A., Ralchenko, Yu., Reader, J., and NIST ASD Team (2013). NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ver. 5.1), [Online]. Available: http://physics.nist.gov/asd [2014, April 25]. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.
BibTex Citation (new window)
 

 At. Num.   El.  name   Isoel.  Seq.   Ground  Shells a   Ground  Level   Ionization  Energy b 
 (eV) 
 References 
64  Gadolinium  Gd  [Xe]4f75d6s2   92    6.14980(4)              L11798 
64  Gadolinium  Eu  [Xe]4f75d6s   105/2    [12.09(7)]                L3974,L3420 
64  Gadolinium  Sm  [Xe]4f75d   92    [20.63(10)]               L3974,L3420 
64  Gadolinium  Pm  [Xe]4f7   87/2    [44.0(7)]                 L3974 
64  Gadolinium  Nd  [Xe]4f6   7F0    [64.8(4)]                 L4095 
64  Gadolinium  Pr  [Cd]4f65p5   °    (89(4))                   L582 
64  Gadolinium  Ce  [Cd]4f65p4       (106(5))                   L582 
64  Gadolinium  La  [Cd]4f65p3   °    (123(6))                   L582 
64  Gadolinium  Ba  [Cd]4f65p2       (144(7))                   L582 
64  Gadolinium  Cs  [Cd]4f55p2   °    (165(8))                   L582 
64  Gadolinium  Xe  [Cd]4f55p       (183(9))                   L582 
64  Gadolinium  [Cd]4f5   °    (213(11))                  L582 
64  Gadolinium  Te  [Cd]4f4       (246(12))                  L582 
64  Gadolinium  Sb  [Kr]4d104f5   65/2    (268(14))                  L582 
64  Gadolinium  Sn  [Cd]4f2       (288(15))                  L582 
64  Gadolinium  In  [Kr]4d104f3   49/2    (319(16))                  L582 
64  Gadolinium  Cd  [Kr]4d104f2   3H4    (352(17))                  L582 
64  Gadolinium  Ag  [Kr]4d104f   25/2    (384.4(25))                L582c99 
64  Gadolinium  Pd  [Kr]4d10   1S0    (565.0(30))                L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Rh  [Kr]4d9   2D5/2    (601(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Ru  [Kr]4d8   3F4    (639(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Tc  [Kr]4d7   4F9/2    (680(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Mo  [Kr]4d6   5D4    (719(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Nb  [Kr]4d5   6S5/2    (761(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Zr  [Kr]4d4   5D0    (810(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  [Kr]4d3   4F3/2    (851(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Sr  [Kr]4d2   3F2    (895(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Rb  [Kr]4d   2D3/2    (937(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Kr  [Ar]3d104s24p6   1S0    (1 100(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Br  [Ar]3d104s24p5   23/2    (1 142(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Se  [Ar]3d104s24p4   3P2    (1 189(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  As  [Ar]3d104s24p3   43/2    (1 233(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Ge  [Ar]3d104s24p2   3P0    (1 321(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Ga  [Ar]3d104s24p   21/2    (1 368(5))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Zn  [Ar]3d104s2   1S0    (1 481(5))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Cu  [Ar]3d104s   2S1/2    [1 532.35(30)]               L10191 
64  Gadolinium  Ni  [Ar]3d10   1S0    (2 621(5))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Co  [Ar]3d9   2D5/2    (2 720(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Fe  [Ar]3d8   3F4    (2 827(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Mn  [Ar]3d7   4F9/2    (2 941(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Cr  [Ar]3d6   4    (3 050(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  [Ar]3d5   5/2    (3 160(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Ti  [Ar]3d4   5D0    (3 312(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Sc  [Ar]3d3   4F3/2    (3 424(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Ca  [Ar]3d2   3F2    (3 546(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  [Ar]3d   2D3/2    (3 660(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Ar  [Ne]3s23p6   1S0    (3 980(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Cl  [Ne]3s23p5   23/2    (4 080(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  [Ne]3s23p4   3P2    (4 191(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  [Ne]3s23p3   23/2    (4 294(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Si  [Ne]3s23p2   3P0    (4 578(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Al  [Ne]3s23p   21/2    (4 693(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Mg  [Ne]3s2   1S0    (4 914(4))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Na  [Ne]3s   2S1/2    (5 025(5))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Ne  1s22s22p6   1S0    (11 273(5))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  1s22s22p5   23/2    (11 552(5))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  1s22s22p4   3P2    (11 861(5))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  1s22s22p3   (0,3/23/2    (12 147(6))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  1s22s22p2   3P0    (13 183(6))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  1s22s22p   21/2    (13 521(7))                   L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Be  1s22s2   1S0    (13 943(10))                  L8672c99 
64  Gadolinium  Li  1s22s   2S1/2    (14 224.57(10))               L16264c99 
64  Gadolinium  He  1s2   1S0    (57 783.90(4))                L12128 
64  Gadolinium  1s   2S1/2    (59 065.52(20))               L7188 
Notes:
Designations used in the ground shell lists:
[Ne] = 1s22s22p6
[Ar] = 1s22s22p63s23p6
[Kr] = 1s22s22p63s23p64s24p6
[Cd] = 1s22s22p63s23p64s24p64d105s2
[Xe] = 1s22s22p63s23p64s24p64d105s25p6
Uncertainty is given in parentheses after the value. It is expressed in the units of the last decimal place of the value.

Query time: 0.1 sec

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