The Disassembly of SURF II

Photo of upper yoke being removed from SURF II
First, the upper yoke is removed to provide access to the coils and vacuum chamber, which are shown in the next picture. The yoke assembly weighs approximately 54,400 kg (60 ton) and was built in the 1940's.

Photo of SURF II before disassembly.
The main magnet coils (yellow pieces) and the vacuum chamber (metallic structure between the coils) are removed while the upper yoke is moved aside. (The yoke is not yet moved in this picture.) The coils are being replaced as part of the upgrade, but the vacuum chamber will be modified and reused in SURF III.

Photo of vacuum chamber after its removal from the accelerator.
The stored electrons circulate in this vacuum chamber. Most of the current chamber will be reused in SURF III, but one section will be replaced so that two new photon beam ports can be installed. The cone-shaped device atop the chamber is the lifting rig that supports the chamber from an overhead crane.

Photo of first yoke pack removed from SURF II.
Each yoke assembly consists of ten packs, which weigh approximately 5,400 kg (6 ton) each. The packs are separated and individually lifted down from the storage ring. Here, the first pack rests on the floor before being moved out of the room.

Photo of backleg piece being lifted off lower yoke.
Once the upper yoke is removed, the back legs are taken out. Like the yokes, each backleg consists of ten packs, but the backlegs are lifted as a single unit instead of as individual packs. Each backleg weighs approximately 6,800 kg (7.5 ton).

Photo of lower yoke pack being lifted on crane.
The final step in the disassembly of SURF II is the removal of the lower yoke. Here, one lower yoke pack is being lifted away.

Photo of cradle that supported SURF II and will support SURF III.
SURF II has been completely disassembled. All that remains is the network of rails and supports that held the 145,000 kg (160 ton) accelerator since it arrived at this site in 1968. This support bed, with some refurbishment and minor modifications, will also support SURF III.

See the assembly of the lower yoke.
Online: May 1998   -   Last Updated: June 19 2001